3D printing materials can come in a variety of different materials, textures and colors. 3D materials include plastic, nylon, wax, rubber, metal, and composite.
Here is list of 3D printing materials available for 3D printing.
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is a plastic filament made from petroleum. ABS is known for being durable, flexible and heat resistant.
Polylactic Acid (PLA) is a plastic filament made from vegetable waste (primarily corn, sugar beets, sugar cane or potatoes). PLA allows for finer feature details compared to ABS and has a fumes during extrusion that are not as strong.
Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) is used as a support material for ABS or PLA prints. PVA is water soluble and typically comes in white color. PVA has a lower melting temperature than ABS or PLA.
High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS) is a fairly new material available in a few different colors. HIPS is similar to ABS in printing properties and can be used as a support structure since it dissolves in Limonene.
Nylon is known to be extremely strong and flexible. Nylon generally come in a white/clear color.
More information on other 3D materials, including wax, rubber, metal, and composite, coming soon.
Currently, the two main 3D plastic filaments in the consumer market are ABS and PLA filaments. Here's a breakdown of the major differences between ABS and PLA filaments.
|ABS Filament||PLA Filament|
|How's It Made?||Made from petroleum||
Made from cornstarch,
sugar cane or tapioca roots
Low Heat Resistance
Low Breaking Point
$31.00 / 1.75mm Spool (2.2lbs)
$36.00 / 3mm Spool (2.2lbs)
$36.00 / 1.75mm Spool (2.2lbs)
$37.00 / 3mm Spool (2.2lbs)
|Diameter||1.75mm or 3mm||1.75mm or 3mm|